High-Efficiency Rubidium-Incorporated Perovskite Solar …

 · We apply gas quenching to fabricate rubidium (Rb) incorporated perovskite films for high-efficiency perovskite solar cells achieving 20% power conversion efficiency on a 65 mm2 device. Both double-cation and triple-cation perovskites containing a combination of methylammonium, formamidinium, cesium, and Rb have been investigated. It is found that Rb …


Millimeter Wave Detection via Autler-Townes Splitting in …

 · In this paper we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent, atom-based, SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fields, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric- field amplitude within a rubidium …


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Simultaneous use of Cs and Rb Rydberg atoms for …

cesium atoms (133Cs) and rubidium-85 (85Rb) atoms in the same vapor cell. We discuss various aspects of these coinci-dent tests by measuring E-fields in the 9.2GHz, 11.6GHz, and 13.4GHz frequency range. II. RF TRANSITIONS FOR Cs AND Rb The broadband nature of this technique is due to the large number of possible Rydberg states that can exhibit a


Photonic Generation of Millimeter-Waves Disciplined by …

 · The mm-wave frequency was down-converted using an electro-optic (EO) comb, and recorded by a frequency counter referenced to a Rubidium (Rb) clock. This resulted in short-term fractional frequency stability of $1.5 times 10^{-11}/sqrt{tau}$ and a long term-stability of $4times 10^{-12}$ at 10,000 s averaging time.


Miniature Absolute Scalar Magnetometer Based on the …

 · rubidium vapor cell of millimeter dimensions produced using modern micro-fabrication processes [2]. In recent years, MEMS vapor cells have been employed in chip-scale sensitive magnetometers [3]. The combination of MEMS vapor cell and a semiconductor diode laser has allowed a substantial reduction in mass, size, and power dissipation


Miniature atomic scalar magnetometer for …

 · A miniature atomic scalar magnetometer based on the rubidium isotope 87 Rb was developed for operation in space. The instrument design implements both M x and M z mode operation and leverages a novel …


In-Building Coverage of Millimeter-Wave Wireless …

 · 60 GHz millimeter-wave short-range wireless communication system at 3.5 Gbps over 5 m range SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences 60, 080306 (2017); ... Two external GPS Rubidium (Rb) standard references are utilized for frequency syn-chronization and triggering data acquisition. The system is equipped with two pairs of horn antennas


5G and 6G Millimeter Wave Channel Sounder

 · The latest millimeter-wave (mmWave) channel sounder was developed to support both a wideband sliding correlator mode and a real-time spread spectrum mode, also known as wideband correlation or direct …


High-performance inverted planar perovskite solar cells …

 · The NiO x precursor solutions were prepared following the process reported by Zhou et al. For the Rb-doped NiO x, Rubidium acetate (99.9%) with different molar ratios (from 5% to 20%) was mixed with Ni ... High-efficiency solution-processed perovskite solar cells with millimeter-scale grains. Science, 347 (2015), pp. 522-525.


Millimeter Wave Detection via Autler-Townes Splitting in …

 · In this paper we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent atomic-based SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fi elds, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric field amplitude within a ...


Document Details | X72 Precision Rubidium Oscillator

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Synthesis and superconducting properties of a …

 · A pristine Rb 3 C 60 single crystal with larger than millimeter dimensions was prepared by reaction of rubidium vapor with a seed-grown C 60 single crystal (which exhibited remarkably sharp x-ray-diffraction peaks). A narrow superconducting transition width Δ T c (5–85% diamagnetic shielding) of the Rb 3 C 60 single crystal is less than 1 K. The onset of the …


Miniature atomic scalar magnetometer for space based …

 · the rubidium isotope 87Rb, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/ 2016JA022389. Received 14 JAN 2016 Accepted 11 JUL 2016 Accepted article online 23 JUL 2016 ©2016. The Authors. ... dium vapor cell of millimeter dimensions produced using modern microfabrication processes [Liew et al., 2004, 2007]. These MEMS vapor cells have been ...


Rb nf quantum defects from millimeter-wave …

 · quantum defects of the Rb nd 5/2 states 5 it is a straightfor-ward matter to extract the nf quantum defects. Specifically, the frequency interval between the two states n j and j can be expressed by n j n j =R Rbc n− j −2− j n, 1 where n is the principal quantum number, R Rb=109 736.605 cm−1 is the Rydberg constant of rubidium,


What is a gram force millimeter [gf-mm], a unit of torque

Definition of gram force millimeter [gf-mm] and its relation to other units of torque and definitions of other units of torque. The Conversions and Calculations web site. food compounds gravel db finance health password convert tables rate math more. ... Rubidium [Rb] weighs 1 532 kg/m³ (95.63964 lb/ft³) ...


Density of Rubidium [Rb] - Aqua-Calc

Rubidium weighs 1.532 gram per cubic centimeter or 1 532 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. density of rubidium is equal to 1 532 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure . In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 95.6396 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.88555 ounce per cubic inch [oz ...


Millimeter Wave Detection via Autler-Townes Splitting in …

By using a magneto-optical trap we have measured the Rb ns-(n+1)s and ndj-(n+1)dj two-photon millimeter-wave transitions for 32<~n<~37, observing …


Millimeter wave detection via Autler-Townes splitting in …

In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85 Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent, atom-based, SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fields, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric-field amplitude within a rubidium vapor cell in the WR-10 …


Millimeter wave detection via Autler-Townes …

 · In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85 Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an …


Direct Kerr frequency comb atomic spectroscopy and …

 · The comb spectrum, in turn, illuminates a millimeter-scale micromachined rubidium cell. The comb has a 1529-nm mode that is resonant with a 85 Rb two-step atomic transition; see relevant Rb atomic-level scheme in inset. (B) Photograph of typical Kerr comb chip and micromachined Rb


Millimeter wave detection via Autler-Townes splitting in …

 · In this paper, we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85 Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent, atom-based, SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fields, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric-field amplitude within a rubidium …


Millimeter Wave Detection via Autler-Townes Splitting in …

 · In this paper we demonstrate the detection of millimeter waves via Autler-Townes splitting in 85Rb Rydberg atoms. This method may provide an independent, atom-based, SI-traceable method for measuring mm-wave electric fields, which addresses a gap in current calibration techniques in the mm-wave regime. The electric-field amplitude within a rubidium …